by Kevin Stoda
I don’t like the way words like the DEEP STATE are being used in both the right wing Breitbart press and in the left, like OpEdNews and the Intercept. We need a distinction in language and topics at this junction in history. Don’t you agree?
Below are examples.
I have also seen a trend to promote and support positivie media reports on Russia and Putin lately.
BizPac Review ·
|This article is part of a series on the|
|Politics of the
United States of America
A fringe minority of writers, journalists, political scientists and political activists in the United States have for decades expressed concerns about the existence of a deep state or state within a state, which they suspect secretly controls public policy, regardless of which political party controls the country’s democratic institutions.
According to Philip Giraldi, the nexus of power is centered on the military–industrial complex, intelligence community, and Wall Street, while Bill Moyers points to plutocrats and oligarchs. Professor Peter Dale Scott also mentions “big oil” as a key player, while David Talbot focuses on national security officials, especially Allen Dulles. Mike Lofgren, an ex-Washington staffer who has written a book on the issue, includes Silicon Valley, along with “key elements of government” and Wall Street, but emphasizes the non-conspiratorial nature of the “state”.
State within a state is a political situation in a country when an internal organ (“deep state”), such as the armed forces and civilian authorities (intelligence agencies and police), does not respond to the civilian political leadership. The term, like many in politics, derives from the Greek language (κράτος εν κράτει, kratos en kratei, later adopted into Latin as imperium in imperio or status in statu).
Sometimes, the term refers to state companies that, though formally under the command of the government, act de facto like private corporations. Sometimes, the term refers to companies that, though formally private, act de facto like “states within a state”.
Certain political debates surrounding the separation of church and state revolve around the perception that if left unchecked, the Church might turn into a kind of State within a State, an illegitimate outgrowth of the State’s natural civil power.
Alleged cases of state within a state
- Algeria‘s Department of Intelligence and Security
- Brazil‘s Army between the 1940s and 1980s
- British Guiana‘s Booker-McConnell
- Cameroon‘s Cameroon Development Corporation
- Egypt‘s Muslim Brotherhood
- Egypt‘s Supreme Council of the Armed Forces
- Francoist Spain‘s military forces
- Guatemala‘s United Fruit Company
- Honduras‘s United Fruit Company
- Imperial Japan‘s Army and the Kwantung Army
- Ministry of Finance (Japan)
- Iran‘s IRGC
- Iran‘s SAVAK
- Italy‘s Propaganda Due
- Jordan‘s PLO
- Lebanon‘s PLO
- Lebanon‘s Hezbollah
- Nazi Germany‘s Schutzstaffel
- Nazi Germany‘s Wehrmacht
- North Korea‘s OGD, State Security Department
- North Korea‘s Korean People’s Army
- Ottoman Empire‘s Committee of Union and Progress
- Ottoman Empire‘s Janissaries
- Ottoman Empire‘s Karakol society
- Ottoman Empire‘s Young Turks
- Pakistan‘s Inter-Services Intelligence
- PDVSA in pre-Chávez Venezuela
- Persia Safavid Dynasty‘s Qizilbash
- Philippines‘ Iglesia ni Cristo
- Republic of Vietnam‘s ARVN
- Russia‘s Chechnya
- Russia‘s FSB
- Russian Empire‘s Third Section of His Imperial Majesty’s Own Chancellery, Okhrana, Special Corps of Gendarmes
- Russian Tsardom‘s Oprichnina
- Soviet Union‘s Cheka, NKVD, KGB
- Turkey‘s Deep State
- Turkey’s (and worldwide) Gülen Movement
- United Kingdom‘s MI5 and City of London Corporation
- United States‘ Intelligence Community, military–industrial complex, CIA or NSA
- See also Deep state in the United States
- Weimar Republic‘s Reichswehr
- Civilian control of the military
- Fifth column
- Monopoly on the legitimate use of physical force
- Deep state in the United States
- from Baruch Spinoza: Tractatus politicus, Caput II, § 6.
- Daniel De Leon: “Imperium in imperio” in: Daily People, June 4, 1903.
- Cf William Blackstone, Commentaries on the Laws of England, IV, c.4 ss. iii.2, p. *54, where the charge of being imperium in imperio was notably levied against the Church
- “Great Seal of Ohio”. Ohio History. 10: 392–393.
- Knabenshue, S. S. “The Great Seal of Ohio”. Ohio History. 10: 489–490.
- BBC On This Day: May 26, 1981
- Who Controls Pakistan’s Powerful ISI?, Radio Free Europe, August 14, 2008
- “Pakistan’s shadowy secret service, the ISI”. BBC News. 3 May 2011.
- Julia Ioffe (24 July 2015). “Putin Is Down With Polygamy”. Foreign Policy. Retrieved 28 January 2016.
- Ambinder, Marc; Grady, D.B. (2013). Deep State: Inside the Government Secrecy Industry. Wiley. ISBN 978-1118146682.
- Priest, Dana; Arkin, William M. (2011). Top Secret America: The Rise of the New American Security State. Little, Brown and Company. ISBN 0316182214. Lay summary – The Quiet Coup: No, Not Egypt. Here. (July 9, 2013).
- Scott, Peter Dale (March 10, 2014). “The State, the Deep State, and the Wall Street Overworld”. The Asia-Pacific Journal. 12 (10, No. 5).
- Jordan Michael Smith (October 19, 2014). “Vote all you want. The secret government won’t change.”. The Boston Globe.
- Michael J. Glennon (2014). “National Security and Double Government” (PDF). Harvard National Security Journal. 5.
- Lofgren, Mike (2016). The Deep State: The Fall of the Constitution and the Rise of a Shadow Government. Viking. ISBN 0525428348. Lay summary – Controlled by shadow government: Mike Lofgren reveals how top U.S. officials are at the mercy of the “deep state” (January 6, 2016).